Gratw vs Kanceri i gjirit. No description Transcript of Gratw vs Kanceri i gjirit. Gratw vs Kanceri i gjirit. Full transcript. Report. Grate vs Kanceri i gjirit. BG. Blerta Guxha. Updated 6 September Transcript. Grate vs Kanceri i gjirit. Faleminderit. Choose a template.

Author: Fenrisho Gohn
Country: Bermuda
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 9 April 2014
Pages: 268
PDF File Size: 2.50 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.69 Mb
ISBN: 937-7-52403-224-5
Downloads: 32841
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Muzshura

Sections of this page. Y When a patient has a lump in the breast, a diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by a biopsy and histological evaluation.

Kanceri i gjirit, zvogëlimi i rrezikut është i mundur – Ministria e Shëndetësisë

San Francisco Shkoder Restaurant. Breast tumors spread via the lymphatics and veins, or by direct invasion. S Computed tomography CT scanning of the body may be carried out to look for any spread to the lungs pulmonary metastasesliver hepatic lancerior bone bony metastases.

I Further imaging may include bone scanning using radioactive isotopes, which are avidly taken up by the tumor metastases in bone.


Breast cancer develops in the cells of the acini, lactiferous ducts, and lobules of the breast. Tumor growth and u depends on the exact cellular site of origin of the cancer. In the early stages, curative treatment may include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Gjirkt lymphatic obstruction and tumor growth pull on connective tissue ligaments in the breast resulting in the appearance of an orange peel texture peau d’orange on the surface of the breast.

Kanceri i gjirit, zvogëlimi i rrezikut është i mundur

Email or Phone Password Forgot account? L A mastectomy surgical removal of the breast involves excision of the breast tissue to the pectoralis major muscle and fascia.

S Within the axilla the breast tissue must be removed from the medial axillary wall. L Staging the tumor means defining the: Damage to this nerve can result in paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle producing a characteristic “winged” scapula. Y Further subcutaneous spread can induce a rare manifestation of breast cancer that produces a hard, woody texture to the skin cancer en cuirasse.


Gjiirt Closely applied to the medial axillary wall is the long thoracic nerve. R It is also possible to damage the nerve to the latissimus dorsi muscle, and this may affect extension, medial rotation, and adduction of the humerus. These factors affect the response to surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.

R Lymph vessels pass to axillary, supraclavicular, parasternal, and abdominal lymph nodes, as well as the opposite breast.


Lymph drainage of the breast is complex. Once confirmed, the clinician must attempt to stage the tumor.

Containment of nodal metastatic breast cancer is therefore potentially difficult because it can spread through many lymph node groups.