Esther Boserup. Boserup, a Danish agricultural economist, is distinguished by two intellectual achievements: a seminal theory of population to rival Malthus in. Issue Analysis Essay – Thomas Malthus and Ester Boserup Issues in Population Geography University of Toronto – Nicolette Ramcharan Thomas Malthus’ Essay . work of Ester Boserup, however, continues to transcend the boundaries of this polarized discourse. This paper reviews the main points of Boserupian theory and.

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Woman’s Role in Economic Development, too, has been republished many times, appearing in print in at least a half dozen languages. They can both be right.

High-tech agriculture should therefore only be found in places with large populations of near-starving people. Find out more about page archiving. Print Geography The global food industry.

Ester Boserup’s theory of agrarian change: a critical review.

Conceptual thinking on population and environment within both the social and natural sciences has traditionally suffered from a long-term confinement within opposing “Malthusian” versus “Cornucopian” views. This means that the food supply would have to be at a high level before there is a growth in population. As Chairman Mau maintained, each mouth comes with a pair of hands. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

Assuming population growth as a change mechanism can lead to important new conclusions regarding the nature of agrarian change in western European history.

Boserup is known for her theory of agricultural intensification, also known as Boserup’s theorywhich posits that population change drives the intensity of agricultural production. Under pressure of numbers, with more mouths to feed, people put more labour and more intense effort into feeding themselves, and find ways to get more food production out of the land. Numerous studies have shown such methods to be favorable in total workload and also efficiency output versus input.


Ester Boserup – Wikipedia

The growth of human population and consumption leads to the exhaustion of resources. He would change the way he farms to make sure that he has enough food to support a larger family. Malthus also highlights the idea that when the population increases there would also be an increased demand on food supply.

An Essay thsory the Principle of Population.

Malthus vs Boserup

Therefore, workloads tend to rise while efficiency drops. Harrod—Domar model neoclassical growth model Endogenous growth estwr Unified growth theory balanced growth theory. Where did he go wrong?

Remember me on this computer. Although Boserup is widely regarded as being anti-Malthusian, popupation her insights and those of Malthus can be comfortably combined within the same general theoretical framework.

Simon highlights that when a resource becomes rare it will also become costly, which will soon lead to the need of finding more of this resource or creating alternatives Waters, It is difficult to accept that population pressure is the only cause or agrarian change or that the increased frequency of cropping is the only response to population pressure, yet the thesis is a fruitful interpretation of agrarian change.

Retrieved May 24,from http: This process of raising production at the cost of more work at lower efficiency is what Boserup describes as ” agricultural intensification “.

Malthus says, the extra people have to die. The traditional view of scarcity assumes that there is only a certain amount of a resource and once it runs out we are prone to starvation.

Boserup says that you just have to bosserup the productivity of the food supply. It might seem as if the critics of Boserup’s theory have left it in tatters.

The principal means of increasing agricultural output is intensification. More people may be killed from wars over trying to get hold of resources – he called these a positive check. Inshe and Mogens worked in India in a research project run by Gunnar Myrdal ; she and Mogens worked in India until Her central argument, that intensification reduces labor productivity, remains unproven.


As discussions of the positive effect of population growth upon agricutural change have been less common than focus on the negative effects, Ester Boserup’s book, “The Conditions of Agricultural Growth,” and her subsequent work in which it is argued that population growth is the prime cause of agricultural change is of great importance.

While this seems like a 21st-century problem, it is actually a question that has concerned economists for hundreds of years and farmers since the first days of agriculture.

Human existence is limited by access and supply to scarce resources. What is the mode of production? In a drought in the USA caused a drop in the global production of maize, and the effects were felt around the world as the prices of staple foods such as bread increased. Retrieved 4 October It then attempts to recast the theory in a systems framework and thereby to eliminate certain fundamental weaknesses in it There are some who argue that Boserup can’t work indefinitely.

In the future will we be able to produce enough food to support the ever-increasing human population? Indeed to feed more este people have to dig deeper into the environment, to divert more biological productivity for themselves, to demand more from the soil, to use more water, more fertiliser etc. Emigration or the control of numbers may relieve population pressure.

In the Malthusian view, when food is not sufficient for everyone, the excess population will die. Similarities include the fact that they both agree that a rise in population would also increase the demand for food.

You probably don’t have to choose between Boserup and Malthus.